dinsdag 8 oktober 2013



Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in the English county of Wiltshire, about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC, as described in the chronology below. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC, whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC.
The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC.
Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge could have been a burial ground from its earliest beginnings. The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate that deposits contain human bone from as early as 3000 BC, when the ditch and bank were first dug. Such deposits continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years.

Stonehenge has been subjected to many theories about its origin, ranging from the academic worlds of archaeology to explanations from mythology and the paranormal.

Stonehenge Rediscovered
An objective view of Stonehenge through the eyes of Barry Cuncliffe of the university of Oxford and Social anthropologist Lionel Sims.


Time Team Special 41 (2009) - The Secrets of Stonehenge (Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire)


BBC Timewatch - Stonehenge

Stonehenge was 'giant concert venue'

A university professor who is an expert in sound and a part-time DJ believes Stonehenge was created as a dance arena for listening to "trance-style" music.
The monument has baffled archaeologists who have argued for decades over the stone circle's 5,000-year history but academic Rupert Till believes he has solved the riddle by suggesting it may have been used for ancient raves.
Mr Till, an expert in acoustics and music technology at Huddersfield University, West Yorks., believes the standing stones had the ideal acoustics to amplify a "repetitive trance rhythm".
The original Stonehenge probably had a "very pleasant, almost concert-like acoustic" that our ancestors slowly perfected over many generations
Because Stonehenge itself is partially collapsed, Dr Till, from York, North Yorks., used a computer model to conduct experiments in sound.
The most exciting discoveries came when he and colleague Dr Bruno Fazenda visited a full-size concrete replica of Stonehenge, with all the original stones intact, which was built as a war memorial by American road builder Sam Hill at Maryhill in Washington state.
lthough the replica has not previously gained any attention from archaeologists studying the original site, it was ideal for Dr Till's work.
He said: "We were able to get some interesting results when we visited the replica by using computer-based acoustic analysis software, a 3D soundfield microphone, a dodecahedronic speaker, and a huge bass speaker from a PA company.
"By comparing results from paper calculations, computer simulations based on digital models, and results from the concrete Stonehenge copy, we were able to come up with some of these theories about the uses of Stonehenge.
"We have also been able to reproduce the sound of someone speaking or clapping in Stonehenge 5,000 years ago.
"The most interesting thing is we managed to get the whole space (at Maryhill) to resonate, almost like a wine glass will ring if you run a finger round it.
"While that was happening a simple drum beat sounded incredibly dramatic. The space had real character; it felt that we had gone somewhere special."

Stonehenge Film with Digital Model Sound and Image Reconstruction

Dr. Rupert Till of the University of Huddersfield has created a new film using computer modelling of Stonehenge. Based on an old laser scan from English Heritage from 1993/4, computer modelling has been used to try to create an experimental reconstruction of what it might have been like to be at Stonehenge thousands of years ago. A high power computing array of processors was used to render the images, which as source files were about 200GB of data. Sound was then added using digital acoustic models generated using Odeon architectural acoustics modelling software.
In the film you are walking up the hill towards Stonehenge (the model was placed on accurate LIDAR ground data), which appears over the crest of the hill. It is sunset on the winter solstice. You slowly walk towards and into the centre of the stone circle. You can hear the sound of percussion in the space. The tempo of the music is set by echoes that are present. You might also hear a whistle or flute, this is a reconstruction of the Wilsford flute, a bone flute found near Stonehenge in the Wilsford shaft. The original was made when Stonehenge was in use in prehistory. You might, if you are wearing headphones or using good loudspeakers) hear a low pitched hum. When the wind blows hard, you may hear at Stonehenge, even today, a low pitched hum at 47Hz, the result of the co-inidence of an on- and off-axis circular mode of resonance.
Having entered the circle, you leave your body and fly around the site. TIme moves forward so you can see the effect of shadows in the space. The film fades between different possible phasing and organisation of the site, the inner bluestones disappearing, then all the bluestones going, then the sarsen stones leaving to be replaced by bluestones in the Aubrey holes. Eventually you return to the centre of the stone circle and leave the way you came.
This is intended to be a phenomenological experience, an experimental reconstruction, a suggestion of what it might have been like to be at Stonehenge in prehistory. It cannot hope to be exactly accurate, but can at least open a short window into the past.


Stonehenge 432 Hz

Stonehenge photo montage with a backing track of drums and percussions recorded within a virtual Stonehenge which includes the resonance and echoes that would have existed when in use some 4 - 5000 years ago. You can visit the website of Dr Rupert Till for further information on 'archaeo-acoustics' and the use of acoustics at Stone henge and other ancient sites.
  http://soundsofstonehenge.wordpress.com/where the percussion track was downloaded from.
I have also included as part of this Stonehenge soundscape a Solfeggio track at 528Hz Frequencies that is suggested to be compliant with DNA repair and then mixed and recorded all at 432 Hz which is considered extremely important to resonate with the human body & pysche, you can find more information regards recording at 432 Hz here http://www.omega432.com. The overall effect of this background sound is to encourage a trance state of mind that will encourage your body to heal itself quicker then normal.
For some AWAN chanting visit the Modern Wizards Channel or our website http://www.artofmodernwizardry.org for some special knowledge

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